Linux Distributions Deconstructed

Can't Burn CDs in Ubuntu 18.04 Fix

Wanna know what’s in a Linux Distribution? Watch this video:

The notes used in the video are available here:: https://www.ezeelinux.com/news/linux-distributions-deconstructed/

A good bit of the above comes from: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Linux_Guide/How_Linux_Works

A great place to learn more about Linux is a book called “The Linux Command Line” by William Shotts. Free download: http://linuxcommand.org/tlcl.php

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Check out http://www.ezeelinux.com for more about Linux.

How to Switch Linux Mint 18.3 to the Ubuntu 4.4 LTS Kernel

Can't Burn CDs in Ubuntu 18.04 Fix

This video shows how to roll back Linux Mint 18.3 to the Ubuntu 4.4 LTS kernel if you are having issues with the Ubuntu 4.15 LTS kernel.

Linux NVENC OBS Screen Capture – For The Record

Linux NVENC OBS Screen Capture - For The Record

Linux NVENC OBS Screen Capture. How does it compare to a USB hardware capture device? With select NVIDIA cards and a NVIDIA modern driver for Linux, my OBS installation is able to take advantage of GPU video capturing.

OBS – https://obsproject.com/

NVIDIA SDK – https://developer.nvidia.com/nvidia-video-codec-sdk#Download

Getting OBS to recognize NVENC/hardware encoding –
https://gist.github.com/wizd3m/115df8a24eb80271a065196e914d1f75

Problematic HDMI splitter – https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01MT12OQA/ref=oh_aui_detailpage_o00_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1

LinuxGameCast Hardware capture device review – https://linuxgamecast.com/2018/07/review-70-1080p60-hdmi-capture-card/

HDMI Video Capture Device – https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01N4SM7H6/ref=oh_aui_detailpage_o00_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1

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Linux Accessibility For The Visually Impaired – For The Record

Linux Accessibility For The Visually Impaired - For The Record

Linux Accessibility For The Visually Impaired. I received a comment from Milton asking me about text to speech options in Linux. He also wanted to know what I recommended for audio dictation under Linux. The first option is indeed, using FoSS awesomeness. However the later relies on Google’s Web Speech API. Also, here is that article on controlling your mouse cursor with your webcam and no hands.

sudo apt install festlex-cmu festival xsel
cd /usr/share/festival/voices/english/
sudo wget -c http://www.speech.cs.cmu.edu/cmu_arctic/packed/cmu_us_clb_arctic-0.95-release.tar.bz2
sudo tar jxf cmu_us_clb_arctic-0.95-release.tar.bz2
sudo ln -s cmu_us_clb_arctic cmu_us_clb_arctic_clunits
sudo cp /etc/festival.scm /etc/festival.scm.backup
sudo echo "(set! voice_default 'voice_cmu_us_clb_arctic_clunits)" >> /etc/festival.scm
echo "This is a test." | festival --tts

To create the script that you will map in your keyboard settings (see video):

#/bin/bash
xsel | festival –tts –pipe

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Beginner’s Guide to Installing Linux Mint 19

Can't Burn CDs in Ubuntu 18.04 Fix

HOW TO INSTALL LINUX MINT 19

PREPARATION

1. Create bootable DVD or USB media.

* Download ISO image from https://linuxmint.com/
* You can burn a bootable DVD in Windows 7 and up simply by inserting a blank DVD and then double-clicking the ISO file.
* Creating a bootable USB drive will require you to install software. Find out more here: https://mintguide.org/tools/317-make-a-bootable-flash-drive-from-an-iso-image-on-linux-mint.html

2. Boot Linux Mint 18.

* You will have to turn off Secure Boot in your computer’s BIOS setting to be able to boot from a DVD or USB drive.
* Once you get Linux Mint 19 booted, take time to play around and ensure that all of you hardware is working properly.
* Check to see if you will need any proprietary drives for your system.
* Take some time to read through the Linux Mint User’s Guide to familiarize your self with the system.

3. Backup ALL Data You Wish To Keep!

* Do NOT use commercial backup software or the built-in Windows backup utility. Linux Mint MUST be able to read the files you create.
* Backups MUST be stored on a USB drive or other removable media.
* It is OK to store backup data in a Zip file. Linux Mint can open them with Archive Manager.

INSTALLATION

WARNING! Proceed at your own risk. Installing Linux Mint will wipe out your current Windows installation and all data you have stored on the computer. There is no way to “uninstall” Linux Mint!
* It is a good idea to have another computer, smartphone or tablet available so you can have access to the Internet in case you need to look something up.
* Turn off Secure Boot in your computer’s BIOS settings.
* Hook computer to the Internet with an Ethernet cable if drivers will be needed to use Wi-Fi.
* Boot Linux Mint
* Launch Linux Mint’s installer and follow the directions.
* Restart the computer. You are now Running Linux Mint!

POST-INSTALLATION SETUP

Follow the “First Steps” outlined in the Welcome Screen:
* Setup Timeshift
* Change to local mirrors
* Install ALL updates!
* Check for and install drivers.
* Restart the computer.

Tweaks:
* Open GNOME Disks and enable Write Cache for all internal drives.
* Enable recommended packages in Synaptic Package Manager
* Configure the Desktop and choose startup applications.
* Optional: Install Google Chrome browser: https://www.google.com/chrome/index.html
* Restart and have fun!

Linux Mint is now fully installed and ready to use.

Please be sure to give EzeeLinux a ‘Like’ on Facebook! Thanks! https://www.facebook.com/EzeeLinux
Check out http://www.ezeelinux.com for more about Linux.

How to install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Can't Burn CDs in Ubuntu 18.04 Fix

PREPARATION

1. Create bootable DVD or USB media.

* Download ISO image from https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
* You can burn a bootable DVD in Windows 7 and up simply by inserting a blank DVD and then double-clicking the ISO file.
* Creating a bootable USB drive will require you to install software. Find out more here: https://tutorials.ubuntu.com/tutorial/tutorial-create-a-usb-stick-on-windows#0 for Windows users and https://tutorials.ubuntu.com/tutorial/tutorial-create-a-usb-stick-on-macos#0 for Mac users.

2. Boot Ubuntu 18.04

* You will have to turn off Secure Boot in your computer’s BIOS settings to be able to boot from a DVD or USB drive.
* Once you get Ubuntu booted, select “Try Ubuntu” and take time to play around and ensure that all of you hardware is working properly.
* Check to see if you will need any proprietary drives for your system.

3. Backup ALL Data You Wish To Keep!

* Do NOT use commercial backup software or the built-in Windows backup utility! Ubuntu MUST be able to read the files you create.
* Backups MUST be stored on a USB drive or other removable media.
* It is OK to store backup data in a Zip file. Ubuntu can open them with Archive Manager.

INSTALLATION

WARNING! Proceed at your own risk. Installing Ubuntu will wipe out your current Windows installation and all data you have stored on the computer. There is no way to “uninstall” Ubuntu!
* It is a good idea to have another computer, smartphone or tablet available so you can have access to the Internet in case you need to look something up.
* Turn off Secure Boot in your computer’s BIOS settings.
* Hook computer to the Internet with an Ethernet cable if drivers will be needed to use Wi-Fi.
* Boot Ubuntu
* Launch Ubuntu’s installer and follow the directions.
* Restart the computer. You are now Running Ubuntu!

POST-INSTALLATION SETUP

* Review and change settings for Software Updater.
* Change to local mirrors (Optional)
* Install ALL updates and restart the computer.
* Check for and install drivers.
* Restart the computer again.
* Install GNOME Tweaks
sudo apt install gnome-tweak-tool
* Configure the Desktop
* Setup Timeshift:
sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa
sudo apt install timeshift
* Optional: Install Google Chrome browser: https://www.google.com/chrome/index.html
Here’s how to activate and install GNOME Extensions with Chrome and Firefox: https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-install-gnome-shell-extensions-on-ubuntu-18-04-bionic-beaver-linux
* Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras:
sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras
* Remove Fkuendo mp3 codec:
sudo apt remove gstreamer1.0-fluendo-mp3
* Install GNOME Tracker for faster file operations in Nautilus:
sudo apt install tracker
* Update locate command database to activate search function. ( This command will be run automatically in about a day or so. Running it now is optional.)
sudo updatedb

More recommended software:
sudo apt install htop gdebi synaptic net-tools

Ubuntu is now fully ready to use. Have fun!

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